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Old 06-25-2006, 11:28 AM   #1
Psywar
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Default How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

This is a How-To: For MMO Usage and an Oil Change for the S-Series Saturn's:




In the First Picture you will see about everything you will need to do and Oil Change and a Piston Soak.

Left To Right:

Wrench with extension + Spark Plug Socket
-
MMO - "Marvel Mystery Oil" (16oz) - $2.00 Wal-mart
-
Motorcraft FL-400S Oil Filter - $4.00 AutoZone
- Chose this Oil Filter Because its larger then the standard Saturn Filters that are recommended for the Saturn
- This was basically the only thing ford was good at making
-After we (PlastikRacing.net) took apart a numerous amount of Oil Filters we Found that Motorcraft was one of the better ones we could buy.
- I believe this filter also fits an 89 Ford Escort and 03' SRT4's
- Anyways Its bigger, and Bigger is always better

"Motorcraft® offers specially designed silicone components in the anti-drainback valves for oil filters: - The silicone valves retain flexibility throughout the life of the filter. This ensures better oil retention in the filter and faster engine start-up lubrication."

Oh yeah.. and Its not a Cardboard Filter Tacked together with glue like them dang Frams!

Next In Line:

Rotella T - Synthetic Oil (5w-40) (4qts) - $16.00 Wal-mart
- Now this is supposed to be some kick ass stuff
- This Oil is something you might want to consider if you run your car hard or do a lot of city driving.
- This Oil was recommended to me by Natedogg from PlastikRacing.net and TurboSaturns.net Forums - I trust this guys wisdom, he has never seemed to fail me when it comes to any helpful information.

::Note:: If you end up using a bigger filter like the FL-400S you will need more then 4qts of Oil with the bigger filter you can expect to put about another 1/2 of a quart in the car:
But You Drive a Saturn so you should always have extra oil laying around anyways!!

Finally:

Shop Towels - $5.00 Wal-mart
- You will want these to clean up any spills and to put in the holes of the Sparkplug Holes to prevent Debris from entering it.

-
Ok! Now we Start the good stuff!
-
Start by Taking the plug Coils out of the Spark Plug holes:
- To get to mine I had to remove (2) 10mm nuts holding the plugs down:





After Removing the 2 Nuts you can pull the plugs out of the holes:




Now Take you Wrench+extender+sparkplug socket and get them spark plugs out!
- Now when I pull them out I set them out in order, so when I put everything back together it all goes back in the same spot!
- If you haven't changed your plugs in a while now would be a good time to think of doing this!

After all the plugs are out they should look something like this..





(They are in order Left to Right 1-2-3-4)

Next We take our MMO and pour a few ounces in to each hole 1 to 2 oz should be enough.
- As you will see in the picture I made a mess with it - the wind was blowing pretty hard.


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Old 06-25-2006, 11:29 AM   #2
Psywar
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Default Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

Now Cover up your 4 Holes with a couple of rags so no Debris get in to the holes!
and clean up any spills





Now Remove the Oil Cap on the Crankcase: and Pour what is left of the MMO in to it!





After filling the Crankcase put the cap back on and You are all set!
- I actually Bought 2 Bottles of MMO and I added 4oz of it to my gas tank:

It was said that this stuff will also clean all the carbon from the fuel lines and fuel injectors as well.

If you don't know what the gas filler looks like here it is..
and you need some help





Now.. We go to sleep:
- It says you need a Min. of 8 Hrs to let this settle/clean you know.. do Its job.

So tomorrow Morning we will wake up and finish this project!

::Note:: If you are doing this + an Oil Change do the piston Soak First! Then when you are finished doing the Oil Changed all the crap it cleaned out should come out with the oil.


Ok - Its been 14hrs Since we did our MMO Soak:

Now its time to go back outside - Pop Open the hood and stuff some towels down the holes
It will look something like this





Now you will go in the car and turn it over for a few seconds 3 to 5 secs.

You will prolly see the towels launch out of the holes - Go put them back in the holes and turn it over 1 more time for a few seconds.

Now you want to put the sparkplugs back in to the holes in which they came from.

::Note:: You should use a little bit of anti-seize grease on the threads of the plugs don't cake it on their though.

Now the way I do this is I use my hands with the 2 extensions and the sparkplug socket.
- I first turn it counter-clockwise (left) to make sure the sparkplug is in the threads
- Then I will turn it Clockwise (right) to tighten it down.
I tighten it down to the point I cant turn it no more with my hands - and I put the wrench on top and give it a little tug to snug it in their.
What the Chilton says: "Make it snug, then turn it 1/4th a turn to smush the washers"





- Now if you are lucky enough to have a torque wrench you will want to use this measurement to tighten down the plugs - 20ft. Lbs.

After all the plugs are in - Put the wires back in the holes, tighten down the 10mm bolt - and Start the car up!

You may have a hard time getting it to startup at first - Just keep trying.

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Old 06-25-2006, 11:30 AM   #3
Psywar
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Default Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

My Personal Experience with this - my car turned right over and started.

You will also see some white Smoke come out of the exhaust this is ok! and its fun to watch!

Take the car out for a spin around the block - And when we come back we will let the engine cool down and we will start our Oil Change!

-




This is the rest of the stuff you will most likely need to perform the oil change.

Left to right:

14MM Wrench

2 Jack Stands

1 Oil Pan to Catch the old Oil in

And a Hydraulic Jack

-

First thing to do:

Jack up the front end of the car, now just start by jacking up 1 side of the car first.
for a jack point I use the front part of the Saturn's cradle right in front of the front sway bar.





After I get that side jacked up high enough I will set the jack stand underneath the car and let the cradle rest on the jack stand.





Now let down the Jack and move over to the other side of the car and jack up that side, and do the same thing.

Once your done you should have something that looks like this.





Next you will want to place your Oil Pan underneath the oil drain plug. Try and center it, you want to catch all the oil that comes out.





Now you want to take your 14MM Wrench and take out the Oil Pan Drain Bolt:
You want to put the wrench on and turn it towards the left front tire (Passenger side)
This is what the Oil Pan Drain Plug looks like.





After a few turns you should be able to get it by hand, just as all the threads have come out of the pan pull it away fast - If you do it too slow you will end up with oil everywhere, That's no fun to clean up!


This is the Oil leaking in to the pan.. Yay!





Now I usually Climb back to my feet, and unscrew the Oil Cap on top of the car For me it seems the oil drains faster this way, and not only that it has to come off anyways.





After All the oil has been drained put the screw back in, you can tighten it so its really snug, or if you have a torque wrench you can tighten it to 27ft. Lbs.

Now we are going to attack the Oil Filter this needs to be replaced at this time.

This part gets pretty messy due to the location of the filter. so Expect some oil to come out and go everywhere.. Its normal!

This is the general location of the Filter (Up about 1ft from the Oil Pan Drain Plug, and over to the passengerside 1/2 a foot. Its kind of hidden if you don't know what your looking for.)





Now Laying on your back looking directly up at it you are going to want to grab this with your hand and turn it left to unscrew it off.

Sometimes its a pain in the butt to get it off, so If you have an Oil Filter Wrench this can be used too!

Now that you got it out, we can replace it with the new one!





As you can see our Motorcraft filter is about 1 1/2 inches taller then the one recommended for a Saturn.

Now on the new filters what I usually do, is I will take some old oil and dab some on my finger to lube up the rubber seal on the new filter.





After that is done, we can place the Oil Filter back in to its rightful spot!
Make sure you take your time on this, you don't want to ruin the threads.

It should go on pretty easy though.
Make sure this is very snug in their as well.

Here's a picture of it on:





Now we stand back up, and put in the new Oil in to the Crankcase
When I do Oil I will normally use a funnel so I don't spill oil all over the place.





But you do not have to use this, you can just pour it in and hope that it all makes it in the hole!

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Old 06-25-2006, 11:32 AM   #4
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Default Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change




After you Pour your 4qts check the dipstick and see if it says Full.





You really cant see it, but it does say Full.
So now I am going to start up the car and let it run for a Minute or so.

Shut it off, and now recheck it.

With the new filter It shows me I am about 1/2 qts low, So I will fill it up till it shows it is full again!

Finally we will jack the sides back up, take out the jack stands, and let the car down slow!

Put the Oil Cap back on the crankcase, and we are all done!

w00t w00t!


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Old 06-25-2006, 12:17 PM   #5
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Default Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

Nice post psywar for first timers. Some of us may forget how terrifying it was to our first oil change. There is only one little itty bitty thing you might want to change the order of. It's to drop the car off the jacks before checking your oil level. It's best to be as flat and level as you can so the oil is not laying on one side of the pan or other.

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Old 06-25-2006, 12:43 PM   #6
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Default Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

Also, you can use a funnel and hose to get the MMO into the cylinders vs the top of the valve cover!!!

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Old 06-25-2006, 07:22 PM   #7
Psywar
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Default Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

lol.. thanks guys!

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Old 07-07-2006, 10:55 AM   #8
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Question Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

Way cool picturepost!!
OK, I did my oil change on a gently sloping driveway... pointing down the driveway... so the jacks (or ramps if you got 'em) bring the wagon up to about level when raised. I figured this simulates the oil change shops.
But I noticed the plug is up a little ways on the rear side of the pan. Is it actually preferable to have the front end a little higher to get more of the old oil out? Is it designed more for DIY oil changers?

Curious (and maybe too perfectionistical?),

Rick

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Old 05-02-2007, 07:58 PM   #9
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Default Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

do you fill the filter with oil before screwing it back on??

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Old 05-02-2007, 10:05 PM   #10
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Default Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

Quote:
Originally Posted by KyCpl View Post
do you fill the filter with oil before screwing it back on??
With the new filter It shows me I am about 1/2 qts low, So I will fill it up till it shows it is full again!


whopps, missed that, sorry....

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Old 05-09-2007, 07:13 AM   #11
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Happy Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

After removing the old oil filter wipe the area clean where the oil filter mounts. Also clean up the old oil that drained out and probably made a small mess after the old oil filter was removed. Some people cover these areas with towels, aluminum foil, etc. to minimize the amount of spillage and clean-up time. Others use old oil bottles or old plastic bottles that have been strategically cut to help catch old oil that dribbles out of the old oil filter as it is unscrewed and removed. On the engine there is a groove under the oil filter that channels the oil from the oil filter away from interesting things, but it doesn't work extremely well and it seems to work best when the car is relatively level.

Putting a film of new oil on the gasket of the new oil filter is important. After I do this I usually pour a little bit of new oil into the new oil filter. This is not terribly important. It just helps get things back to normal a second or two sooner when we start the engine for the first time after the oil change. The filter media absorbs a fair amount of the new oil. Don't put too much new oil into the new oil filter - we can test the amount by holding the filter parallel to the ground and rotating it in the same manner that we'll be doing when installing it onto the engine. If there is too much new oil in the filter then we'll notice it pretty quickly as we turn the oil filter to make it parallel to the ground. I'll guess I pour maybe 1 cup (8 fl. oz.) into the new filter.

I access the oil filter by removing the front right wheel and removing part of the plastic wheel well liner. While the oil is draining I rotate the wheels to keep myself busy and to gently change the angles of the engine to encourage a bit more of the old oil to drain out.

...
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Old 05-11-2007, 04:34 AM   #12
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Default Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

Quote:
Originally Posted by David 93 SL2m View Post
After removing the old oil filter wipe the area clean where the oil filter mounts. Also clean up the old oil that drained out and probably made a small mess after the old oil filter was removed. Some people cover these areas with towels, aluminum foil, etc. to minimize the amount of spillage and clean-up time. Others use old oil bottles or old plastic bottles that have been strategically cut to help catch old oil that dribbles out of the old oil filter as it is unscrewed and removed. On the engine there is a groove under the oil filter that channels the oil from the oil filter away from interesting things, but it doesn't work extremely well and it seems to work best when the car is relatively level.

Putting a film of new oil on the gasket of the new oil filter is important. After I do this I usually pour a little bit of new oil into the new oil filter. This is not terribly important. It just helps get things back to normal a second or two sooner when we start the engine for the first time after the oil change. The filter media absorbs a fair amount of the new oil. Don't put too much new oil into the new oil filter - we can test the amount by holding the filter parallel to the ground and rotating it in the same manner that we'll be doing when installing it onto the engine. If there is too much new oil in the filter then we'll notice it pretty quickly as we turn the oil filter to make it parallel to the ground. I'll guess I pour maybe 1 cup (8 fl. oz.) into the new filter.

I access the oil filter by removing the front right wheel and removing part of the plastic wheel well liner. While the oil is draining I rotate the wheels to keep myself busy and to gently change the angles of the engine to encourage a bit more of the old oil to drain out.
I've found that if you have the drip rail under the filter squeaky clean, and the right side of the car a tiny bit raised...that I haven't gotten any oil mess anywhere....all you do is unscrew the filter enough to let the oil slowly run out....wait or come back...unscrew it a little more to make sure it's done draining....then just take it off....maybe it's easier since I use the longer filter but the last two times I haven't had any mess to wipe up at all.

...
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Old 05-12-2007, 02:20 PM   #13
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Default Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

just thought i'd throw this in there, my hanes manual said to put the spark plugs back in, take a piece of 3/8 rubber hose and put it on the end of the spark plug and use that to start the spark plugs to prevent crossthreading

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Old 05-12-2007, 04:56 PM   #14
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Default Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

Quote:
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just thought i'd throw this in there, my hanes manual said to put the spark plugs back in, take a piece of 3/8 rubber hose and put it on the end of the spark plug and use that to start the spark plugs to prevent crossthreading
One of the rare times that thing was helpful with my Saturn...I use that whenever I do any plugs.....

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Old 05-12-2007, 06:17 PM   #15
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Happy Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

I install spark plugs the same way Psywar outlined it here.
Quote:
Originally Posted by Psywar
Now you want to put the sparkplugs back in to the holes in which they came from.

::Note:: You should use a little bit of anti-seize grease on the threads of the plugs don't cake it on their though.

Now the way I do this is I use my hands with the 2 extensions and the sparkplug socket.
- I first turn it counter-clockwise (left) to make sure the sparkplug is in the threads
- Then I will turn it Clockwise (right) to tighten it down.
I tighten it down to the point I cant turn it no more with my hands - and I put the wrench on top and give it a little tug to snug it in their.
- Now if you are lucky enough to have a torque wrench you will want to use this measurement to tighten down the plugs - 20ft. Lbs.

...
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...
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∙ 1993 SL2 212K
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∙ 1996 SC2 126K
∙ 2001 SC2, 145K
∙ 2002 L200 20K
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Old 06-01-2007, 11:57 PM   #16
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Default Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

Another tip is to prefill the oil filter until it is about half full with oil. You'll be surprised at how much oil the paper media will absorb. This allows the engine to get oil sooner when you first start it up.
Just a quick note though, don't fill it completely full or it will spill when you install it on the car.

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Old 08-13-2007, 10:43 PM   #17
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Default Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

Hey guys, I'm attempting this for the first time tonight. When I pulled the plugs 3 of them had oil on them. My haynes manual says that oil is leaking past worn valva guides or piston rings into the combustion chamber. Is there any chance they could just be gunky and fixed by this proceedure? or am I SooL and going to have to spend a crap load of money fixing it?

...
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Old 08-14-2007, 12:26 PM   #18
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Default Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

Quote:
Originally Posted by zombierepellent View Post
Hey guys, I'm attempting this for the first time tonight. When I pulled the plugs 3 of them had oil on them. My haynes manual says that oil is leaking past worn valva guides or piston rings into the combustion chamber. Is there any chance they could just be gunky and fixed by this proceedure? or am I SooL and going to have to spend a crap load of money fixing it?
It's probably not what the Haynes manual said. If the oil you saw is thick, sticky, burnt, it could be, as the book said, either from the oil control rings (which this procedure addresses) or the valve guide seals (which this procedure does not address). But if the oil is wet and "raw", it's probably leaking externally from the spark plug well holes in the cam cover, and pooling in the wells. And you're seeing it on the plugs only because it's draining onto them the moment you remove them. If that's what you're seeing, you need to replace your cam cover gasket. There is a "pre-formed RTV" version available at the dealer, which is more expensive, but WAY easier to install and more foolproof than the RTV-in-a-tube original.

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Old 09-03-2007, 06:38 PM   #19
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Default Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

Great job of pics and explanation of how to MMO soak. Just bought a 98 sc2 with 91000, looks like new but has oil issue. Thanks for the info.

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Old 01-09-2008, 02:31 AM   #20
SaturnManiac
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Default Re: How-To: MMO Piston Soak + Oil Change

And to help from making a mess like you did, you could measure it out using a measuring spoon and pour it from that, LOL.

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If you're a car begging for your life, wouldn't you want someone to add fluids?

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